Historians can tell what cultures thrived in different regions and when they disintegrated.
Anthropologists can describe a people’s physical character, culture, and environmental and social relations.
has become known for his study of the garbage discarded by the people of Tuscon, Arizona in the 1970s!
Over the past 150 years archaeologists have developed many effective methods and techniques for studying the past.
Dating methods in historical archaeology differ little from the methods of archaeology in general.
The Greeks consider the first Olympic Games as the beginning or 776 BC.
One of the most widely used methods of determining the absolute date of organic materials is radiocarbon (carbon 14) dating .
Because all living organisms contain a radioactive form of carbon (carbon 14) that decays at a known and steady rate, archaeologists can determine an organic object's age (if it is less than 40,000 years old) by measuring the amount of carbon 14 remaining in the object.
Relative dating stems from the idea that something is younger or older relative to something else.
In a stratigraphical context objects closer to the surface are more recent in time relative to items deeper in the ground.